Investigation of the Cross-Sections for the Production of Bromine Isotopes Using Proton-Induced Reactions
Keywords:cross-section, Zeigler formula, stopping power, selenium-enriched target, bromine yield
We have considered the production of bromine isotopes by studying the cross-sections of nuclear reactions in the selenium enriched target. This is of importance due to the applications in nuclear medicine and radiation therapy. Eight channels are observed in the production of bromine isotopes: 7634Se(p, 2n) 7535Br, 7734Se(p, 3n) 7535Br, 7634Se(p, n) 7635Br, 7734Se(p, 2n) 7635Br, 7734Se(p, n) 7735Br, 7834Se(p, 2n) 7735Br, 8034Se(p, 4n) 7735Br, and 8034Se(p, n) 8035mBr. The energy of the interacting protons ranging from the threshold is 2.20–84.20 MeV and is calculated by using an activation technique. For the proton-induced production of bromine isotopes from selenium target atoms, the stopping power and the yield have been calculated. The Zeigler formula was applied to investigate the cross-sections and to determine the yield for each reaction over the stopping power range. The total energy of each reaction and the corresponding crosssections are statistically analyzed. These energies are reproduced by the incident proton energy with acceptable errors at 0.01 MeV intervals. One of the most significant results of the current calculations is the stopping power of targets evaluated within the Ziegler and SRIM approaches.
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