Investigation of the Quenching of Nitrogen Oxide Synthesis Products in Air Plasma
Keywords:plasma technologies, radio frequency plasma, fixation of nitrogen oxides, quenching, quenching reactor
The paper presents the results of theoretical and experimental studies of the quenching process of nitrogen oxide synthesis products in a low-temperature air plasma. A developed experimental setup for researching the quenching consists of an air plasma generator with a power of up to 40 kW, as well as a coolant feeding system and control and measuring equipments. For the mathematical modeling of the processes, the numerical solution of the system of differential equations of conservation of mass, momentum, and energy in a turbulent system is used. Calculations and experiments were carried out in the range of variation of the quenching air flow rate 1–5 g/s at a plasma power of 31 kW, and a plasma air flow rate of 5 g/s. The calculated data on the values of heat fluxes are in satisfactory agreement with the experimental values. The theoretically and experimentally obtained value of the average cooling rate of the synthesis products 2.9 × 105 K/s significantly exceeds the cooling rate with traditional water cooling of elements.
B.S. Patil, V. Hessel, J. Lang, Q. Wang. Plasma-assisted nitrogen fixation reactions. In: Alternative Energy Sources for Green Chemistry (2016), Ch. 10, pp. 296-338.
B.S. Patil, Q. Wang, V. Hessel, J. Lang. Plasma N2-fixation: 1900-2014. Catalysis Today 256, 49 (2015).
I.B. Matveev, S.I. Serbin. Synthesis of nitrogen oxides in ICP/RF plasma. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 47 (1), 47 (2019).
Fixation of Atmospheric Nitrogen in the RF Plasma Torch (Tomsk Institute of Physics and Technology, 2016) (in Russian).
L.S. Polak, F.B. Vurzel, A.A. Ovsyannikov. Plasma Use in Chemical Processes (Mir, 1970) [in Russian].
Applied Plasma Technologies. The new millennium tools [http://www.plasmacombustion.com/product-torches.html].
I.B. Matveev, S.I. Serbin. A multitorch RF plasma system as a way to improve temperature uniformity for high power applications. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 48 (2), 332 (2020).
S.V. Dresvin, D.V. Ivanov. Modeling of the processes describing plasma behavior in the torches. In: Plasma Assisted Combustion, Gasification, and Pollution Control. Vol. 1. Methods of Plasma Generation for PAC. Chief editor I. Matveev, 422 (Outskirts Press, 2013).
I.B. Matveev. Plasma Assisted Combustion, Gasification, and Pollution Control. Vol. 2. Combustion and Gasification (Outskirts Press, 2015).
I. Matveev, S. Serbin. Experimental and numerical definition of the reverse vortex combustor parameters. In: 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit 6662 (Reno Nevada, 2006).
I. Matveev, S. Serbin, A. Mostipanenko. Numerical optimization of the "tornado" combustor aerodynamic parameters. In: 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit (Reno Nevada, 2007).
I. Matveev, S. Matveeva, S. Serbin. Design and Preliminary Test Results of the Plasma Assisted Tornado Combustor. In: Collection of Technical Papers-43rd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference 6, 6091 (Cincinnati OH, 2007).
I. Matveev, S. Serbin. Investigation of a reverse-vortex plasma assisted combustion system. In: Proc. of the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. 133 (Puerto Rico USA, 2012).
I.B. Matveev, S.I. Serbin, N.V. Washchilenko. Sewage sludgeto-power. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 42 (12), 3876 (2014).
I.B. Matveev, S.I. Serbin, N.V. Washchilenko. Plasmaassisted treatment of sewage sludge. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 44 (12), 3023 (2016).
B.E. Launder, D.B. Spalding. Lectures in Mathematical Models of Turbulence (Academic Press, 1972).
D. Choudhury. Introduction to the Renormalization Group Method and Turbulence Modeling. Fluent Inc. Technical Memorandum TM-107 (1993).
V.S. Engelsht, V.C. Gurovich, G.A. Desjatnikov. Low Temperature Plasma. Vol. 1. The Theory of Electric Arc Column (Novosibirsk Nauka, 1990) [in Russian] [ISBN: 5-02-029297-4].
V.D. Parchomenko, P.I. Soroka, Yu.I. Krasnokutskiy. Low Temperature Plasma. Vol. 4. Plasma Chemical Technology (Novosibirsk Nauka, 1991) [in Russian].
Ansys Fluent Fluid Simulation Software [https://www.ansys.com/products/fluids/ansys-fluent].
I.B. Matveev, S.I. Serbin, A.E. Zinchenko. A high temperature quenching reactor. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 49 (3), 984 (2021).
H. Chen, D. Yuan, A. Wul, X. Lin, X. Li. Review of lowtemperature plasma nitrogen fixation technology. Waste Disposal & Sustainable Energy. 3, 201 (2021).
How to Cite
License to Publish the Paper
The corresponding author and the co-authors (hereon referred to as the Author(s)) of the paper being submitted to the Ukrainian Journal of Physics (hereon referred to as the Paper) from one side and the Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, represented by its Director (hereon referred to as the Publisher) from the other side have come to the following Agreement:
1. Subject of the Agreement.
The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the free non-exclusive right to use the Paper (of scientific, technical, or any other content) according to the terms and conditions defined by this Agreement.
2. The ways of using the Paper.
2.1. The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the right to use the Paper as follows.
2.1.1. To publish the Paper in the Ukrainian Journal of Physics (hereon referred to as the Journal) in original language and translated into English (the copy of the Paper approved by the Author(s) and the Publisher and accepted for publication is a constitutive part of this License Agreement).
2.1.2. To edit, adapt, and correct the Paper by approval of the Author(s).
2.1.3. To translate the Paper in the case when the Paper is written in a language different from that adopted in the Journal.
2.2. If the Author(s) has(ve) an intent to use the Paper in any other way, e.g., to publish the translated version of the Paper (except for the case defined by Section 2.1.3 of this Agreement), to post the full Paper or any its part on the web, to publish the Paper in any other editions, to include the Paper or any its part in other collections, anthologies, encyclopaedias, etc., the Author(s) should get a written permission from the Publisher.
3. License territory.
The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the right to use the Paper as regulated by sections 2.1.1–2.1.3 of this Agreement on the territory of Ukraine and to distribute the Paper as indispensable part of the Journal on the territory of Ukraine and other countries by means of subscription, sales, and free transfer to a third party.
4.1. This Agreement is valid starting from the date of signature and acts for the entire period of the existence of the Journal.
5.1. The Author(s) warrant(s) the Publisher that:
– he/she is the true author (co-author) of the Paper;
– copyright on the Paper was not transferred to any other party;
– the Paper has never been published before and will not be published in any other media before it is published by the Publisher (see also section 2.2);
– the Author(s) do(es) not violate any intellectual property right of other parties. If the Paper includes some materials of other parties, except for citations whose length is regulated by the scientific, informational, or critical character of the Paper, the use of such materials is in compliance with the regulations of the international law and the law of Ukraine.
6. Requisites and signatures of the Parties.
Publisher: Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Address: Ukraine, Kyiv, Metrolohichna Str. 14-b.
Author: Electronic signature on behalf and with endorsement of all co-authors.