Structural Characterization and Gas Sensing Properties of Nano-Sized Tin Dioxide Material Synthesized from Tin(II) Sulfate
Keywords:SnO2, SnSO4, FTIR spectroscopy, thick-film sensor, CO, CH4
Structural features, surface condition, and gas-sensing properties of the nanocrystalline SnO2 powders synthesized from SnSO4 precursor by different methods have been studied. XRD, TEM, BET, and FTIR methods were used for the samples characterization. The gas sensors were fabricated by the thick-film technology from the synthesized SnO2 powders. The responses of the sensors toward CO and CH4 gases are measured. It is revealed that the preoxidation of SnSO4 powder with concentrated sulfuric acid before the hydrolysis results in the lower particle size, higher surface area, improved adsorption activity, and higher sensitivity to reducing gases (CO, CH4) of the synthesized SnO2 materials, than in the case of the SnO2 materials obtained without the preoxidation stage.
M. Batzill, U. Diebold. The surface and materials science of tin oxide. Prog. Surf. Sci. 79, 45 (2005).
W. G¨opel, K.D. Schierbaum. SnO2 sensors: current status and future prospects. Sens. Actuator B Chem. 26, 1 (1995).
D. Kohl. Surface processes in the detection of reducing gases with SnO2-based devices. Sens. Actuator. 18, 71 (1989).
G. Martinelli, M. C. Carotta. Thick-film gas sensors. Sens. Actuator B Chem. 23, 157 (1995).
S.P. Patil, V.L. Patil, S.S. Shendage, N.S. Harale, S.A. Vanalakar, J.H. Kim, P.S. Patil. Spray pyrolyzed indium oxide thick films as NO2 gas sensor. Ceram. Int. 42, 16160 (2016).
D.C. Pugh, S.M. Hailes, I.P. Parkin. A gas-sensing array produced from screen-printed, zeolite-modified chromium titanate. Meas. Sci. Technol. 26, 085102 (2015).
N. Yamazoe. New approaches for improving semiconductor gas sensors. Sens. Actuator B Chem. 5, 7 (1991).
C. Xu, J. Tamaki, N. Miura, N. Yamazoe, Grain size effects on gas sensitivity of porous SnO2-based elements. Sens. Actuator B Chem. 3, 147 (1991).
S.M. Badalyan, M.N. Rumyantseva, S.A. Nikolaev, A.V. Marikutsa, V.V. Smirnov, A.S. Alikhanian, A.M. Gaskov. Effect of Au and NiO catalysts on the NO2 sensing properties of nanocrystalline SnO2, Inorg. Mater. 46, 232 (2010).
D. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Liu, L. Li, C. Shi, H. Qin, J. Hu. CO2-sensing properties and mechanism of nano-SnO2 thick-film sensor. Sens. Actuator B Chem. 227, 73 (2016).
K. Suematsu, K. Yamada, M. Yuasa, T. Kida, K. Shimanoe. Evaluation of Oxygen Adsorption Based on the Electric Properties of SnO2 Semiconductor Gas Sensors. Sensor. Mater. 28, 1211 (2016).
G.W. Wang, H. Hattori, K. Tanabe. The enhancement of acid strength and catalytic activity of SnO2 by the addition of sulfate ion. Chem. Lett. 12, 277 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1246/cl.1983.277
H.C. Chiu, C.S. Yeh. Hydrothermal synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles and their gas-sensing of alcohol. J. Phys. Chem. B 111, 7256 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0688355
K. Arata, M. Hino. Preparation of superacids by metal oxides and their catalytic action. Mater. Chem. Phys. 26, 213 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1016/0254-0584(90)90012-Y
M. Takano, Y. Bando, N. Nakanishi, M. Sakai, H. Okinaka. Characterization of fine particles of the a-Fe2O3-SnO2 system with residual SO2−4 ions on the surface. J. Solid State Chem. 68, 153 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-4596(87)90298-2
A.A. Bolzan, C. Fong, B.J. Kennedy, C.J. Howard. Structural studies of rutile-type metal dioxides. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B 53, 373 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108768197001468
K. Nakamoto. Infrared and Raman Spectra of Inorganic and Coordination Compounds (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 1986).
L.M. Kustov, V.B. Kazansky, F. Figueras, D. Tichit. Investigation of the acidic properties of ZrO2 modified by SO2−4 anions. J. Catal. 150, 143 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.1994.1330
How to Cite
License to Publish the Paper
The corresponding author and the co-authors (hereon referred to as the Author(s)) of the paper being submitted to the Ukrainian Journal of Physics (hereon referred to as the Paper) from one side and the Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, represented by its Director (hereon referred to as the Publisher) from the other side have come to the following Agreement:
1. Subject of the Agreement.
The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the free non-exclusive right to use the Paper (of scientific, technical, or any other content) according to the terms and conditions defined by this Agreement.
2. The ways of using the Paper.
2.1. The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the right to use the Paper as follows.
2.1.1. To publish the Paper in the Ukrainian Journal of Physics (hereon referred to as the Journal) in original language and translated into English (the copy of the Paper approved by the Author(s) and the Publisher and accepted for publication is a constitutive part of this License Agreement).
2.1.2. To edit, adapt, and correct the Paper by approval of the Author(s).
2.1.3. To translate the Paper in the case when the Paper is written in a language different from that adopted in the Journal.
2.2. If the Author(s) has(ve) an intent to use the Paper in any other way, e.g., to publish the translated version of the Paper (except for the case defined by Section 2.1.3 of this Agreement), to post the full Paper or any its part on the web, to publish the Paper in any other editions, to include the Paper or any its part in other collections, anthologies, encyclopaedias, etc., the Author(s) should get a written permission from the Publisher.
3. License territory.
The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the right to use the Paper as regulated by sections 2.1.1–2.1.3 of this Agreement on the territory of Ukraine and to distribute the Paper as indispensable part of the Journal on the territory of Ukraine and other countries by means of subscription, sales, and free transfer to a third party.
4.1. This Agreement is valid starting from the date of signature and acts for the entire period of the existence of the Journal.
5.1. The Author(s) warrant(s) the Publisher that:
– he/she is the true author (co-author) of the Paper;
– copyright on the Paper was not transferred to any other party;
– the Paper has never been published before and will not be published in any other media before it is published by the Publisher (see also section 2.2);
– the Author(s) do(es) not violate any intellectual property right of other parties. If the Paper includes some materials of other parties, except for citations whose length is regulated by the scientific, informational, or critical character of the Paper, the use of such materials is in compliance with the regulations of the international law and the law of Ukraine.
6. Requisites and signatures of the Parties.
Publisher: Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Address: Ukraine, Kyiv, Metrolohichna Str. 14-b.
Author: Electronic signature on behalf and with endorsement of all co-authors.