Properties of Steel Modified by Surface Ion Implantation with Mo, Ti, and Al
Keywords:XPS, XRD, nanoscale surface modification, ion implantation, wetting force
Modification of metals by a surface treatment is one of the first problems of modern materials science. The use of ion-plasma technologies for a modification of initial specimens, in particular, by ion implantation, for this purpose can be considered a promising solution. We study the microstructure, phase and elemental compositions, wetting forces, and electrical properties of steel with implanted ions of titanium, aluminum, and molybdenum. The results obtained by means of XRD, XPS, optical microscopy, and laboratory experiments show significant differences between the treated and untreated specimens. The modification of metal by ion implantation causes changes in the wettability and electrical characteristics and indicates the prospects of this technology for mechanical engineering, chemical, food, pharmaceutical industries, for the construction of structures and vehicles, including their work under severe atmospheric conditions.
J.M. Pout. Modification and Alloying by Laser, Ionic and Electron Beams. Edited by Dzh.M. Pout, G. Foti, D.K. Dzhekobson (Mashynostroenie, 1987).
L.B. Begrambekov. Surface Modification of Solids at the Ionic and P'asma Actions (Moscow Eng.-Phys. Institute, 2001) (in Russian).
B.A. Kalin. Radiation-beam technologies of processing of structural materials. Fizi. Khim. Obrab. Mater. 4, 5 (2001).
N.Yu. Bogdanov. Nanostrubturization of Metallic Materials by Intense Ion Beams, Thessis (Bauman Moscow Techn. Univ., 2008) (in Russian).
T.R. Rautray, R. Narayanan, KH. Kim. Ion implantation of titanium-based biomaterials. Progr. Mater. Sci. 56 (8), 1137 (2011).
Chi-Vinh Ngo, Doo-Man Chun. Fast wettability transition from hydrophilic to superhydrophobic laser-textured stainless steel surfaces under low-temperature annealing. Appl. Surf. Sci. 409, 232 (2017).
C.-J. Xuan, Z. Zhao, P.G. J¨onsson. Wettability and corrosion of spark plasma sintered (SPS) ZrN by liquid iron and steel. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36 (10), 2435 (2016).
A.D. Zimon. Adhesion of Liquids and Wetting (Khimiya, 1974) (in Russian).
B.D. Summ. Wetting hysteresis. Soros. Obr. Zh. 7, 98 (1999).
W. Barthlott, M. Mail, B. Bhushan, K. Koch. Plant surfaces: Structures and functions for biomimetic innovations. Nanomicro Lett. 9, 23 (2017).
A.A. Cherny S.V. Maschenko, V.V. Honcharov, V.A. Zazhigalov. Nanodimensional layers on stainless steel surface synthesized by ionic implantation and their simulation. In Nanoplasmonics, Nano-Optics, Nanocomposites, and Surface Studies, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Edited by O. Fesenko, L. Yatsenko (Springer, 2015), Chap. 12.
Gwyddion - Free SPM (AFM, SNOM/NSOM, STM, MFM, ...) data analysis software //Web Gwyddion: http://gwyddion.net/.
J. Dudognon, M. Vayer, A. Pineau, R. Erre. Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction spectra analysis of expanded austenite for implanted stainless steel. Surf. Coating Techn. 202 (20), 5048 (2008).
J. Dudognon, M. Vayer, A. Pineau, R. Erre. Mo and Ag ion implantation in austenitic, ferritic and duplex stainless steels: A comparative study. Surf. Coating Techn. 203 (1), 180 (2008).
P. Stefanov, D. Stoychev, A. Aleksandrova, D. Nicolova, G. Atanasova, Ts. Marinova. Compositional and structural characterization of alumina coatings deposited electrochemically on stainless steel. Appl. Surf. Sci. 235 (1-2), 80 (2004).
XPS Data Base. THERMO Electron France Les Mimosas, 16 Av. du Quebec SILIC 765, 91963, COUTRABOEUF CEDEX, 175 p.
How to Cite
License to Publish the Paper
The corresponding author and the co-authors (hereon referred to as the Author(s)) of the paper being submitted to the Ukrainian Journal of Physics (hereon referred to as the Paper) from one side and the Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, represented by its Director (hereon referred to as the Publisher) from the other side have come to the following Agreement:
1. Subject of the Agreement.
The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the free non-exclusive right to use the Paper (of scientific, technical, or any other content) according to the terms and conditions defined by this Agreement.
2. The ways of using the Paper.
2.1. The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the right to use the Paper as follows.
2.1.1. To publish the Paper in the Ukrainian Journal of Physics (hereon referred to as the Journal) in original language and translated into English (the copy of the Paper approved by the Author(s) and the Publisher and accepted for publication is a constitutive part of this License Agreement).
2.1.2. To edit, adapt, and correct the Paper by approval of the Author(s).
2.1.3. To translate the Paper in the case when the Paper is written in a language different from that adopted in the Journal.
2.2. If the Author(s) has(ve) an intent to use the Paper in any other way, e.g., to publish the translated version of the Paper (except for the case defined by Section 2.1.3 of this Agreement), to post the full Paper or any its part on the web, to publish the Paper in any other editions, to include the Paper or any its part in other collections, anthologies, encyclopaedias, etc., the Author(s) should get a written permission from the Publisher.
3. License territory.
The Author(s) grant(s) the Publisher the right to use the Paper as regulated by sections 2.1.1–2.1.3 of this Agreement on the territory of Ukraine and to distribute the Paper as indispensable part of the Journal on the territory of Ukraine and other countries by means of subscription, sales, and free transfer to a third party.
4.1. This Agreement is valid starting from the date of signature and acts for the entire period of the existence of the Journal.
5.1. The Author(s) warrant(s) the Publisher that:
– he/she is the true author (co-author) of the Paper;
– copyright on the Paper was not transferred to any other party;
– the Paper has never been published before and will not be published in any other media before it is published by the Publisher (see also section 2.2);
– the Author(s) do(es) not violate any intellectual property right of other parties. If the Paper includes some materials of other parties, except for citations whose length is regulated by the scientific, informational, or critical character of the Paper, the use of such materials is in compliance with the regulations of the international law and the law of Ukraine.
6. Requisites and signatures of the Parties.
Publisher: Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Address: Ukraine, Kyiv, Metrolohichna Str. 14-b.
Author: Electronic signature on behalf and with endorsement of all co-authors.