Similar Behavior of Rheological Properties and the Evaluation of the Melting Temperatures of Fluorinated Aliphatic Alcohols
Keywords:fluorinated alcohol, viscosity, density, similarity law, melting temperature
On the basis of experimental data obtained for the viscosity, density, and refractive index of fluorinated alcohols and proceeding from the similarity laws, the structural features of molecules of the researched liquids are determined. A comparison of molecular refraction values determined for fluorinated and non-fluorinated alcohols made it possible to reveal a modification of the structure of fluorinated alcohol molecules. Namely, this is a probable minor change in the arrangement of fluorine atoms in the alcohol molecule, at which the structure of a molecule remains similar to the structure of molecules of aliphatic alcohols. A similarity in the behavior of the rheological properties of 2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropan-1-ol and 1H,1H-pentafluoropropan-1-ol, on the one hand, and propan-1-ol, on the other hand, as well as 1H,1H,7H-dodecafluoroheptan-1-ol and 1H,1H-tridecafluoroheptan-1-ol, on the one hand, and heptan-1-ol, on the other hand, is found. A method for estimating the melting temperatures of halogenated molecular liquids, which is based on the similarity of the rheological properties of those liquids, is proposed. The melting temperatures for 1H,1H-pentafluoropropan-1-ol, Tm = (244.5 ± 1.0) K, and 1H,1H-tridecafluoroheptan-1-ol, Tm = (255.0 ± 1.0) K, which are not available in the literature, are evaluated.
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