Determination of Optical Parameters of Films of PVA/TiO2/SiC and PVA/MgO/SiC Nanocomposites for Optoelectronics and UV-Detectors
The optical properties of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)–titanium oxide (TiO2)–silicon carbide (SiC) and (PVA)–magnesium oxide (MgO)–(SiC) nanocomposites are calculated, by using the Gaussian 09 and Gaussian view 5.0.8 programs on the basis of the density functional theory at B3LYP level with 6–31 G basis set. The results indicate that the absorbance, absorption coefficient, extinction coefficient, refractive index, imaginary and real dielectric constants, and optical conductivity of (PVA–TiO2–SiC) and (PVA–MgO–SiC) increase with the concentration of SiC nanoparticles. Both nanocomposites have high absorbance in the UV region and have indirect energy gaps 1 eV < Eg < 2.2 eV. This makes them useful for various applications in optoelectronics, photovoltaics, lasers, solar cells, sensors, photocatalytic devices, light filters, UV detectors, etc. with low cost, easy fabrication, and adaptability as compared with other devices.
G. Valli, A. Jayalakshmi. Erythrina ariegate leaves extract assisted synthesis of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in an ecofriendly approach. Europ. J. Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sci. 2, 490 (2015).
A. Kumar, K. Kaur, S. Sharma. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial potential of silver nanoparticles by Morusnigra leaf extract. Indian J. Pharm. Biol. Res. 1, 4 (2013). https://doi.org/10.30750/ijpbr.1.4.4
D.R. Paul, L.M. Robeson. Polymer nanotechnology: Nanocomposites. Polymer 49, 15 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2008.04.017
S.K. Sharma, J. Prakash, K. Sudarshan, D. Sen, S. Mazumder, P.K. Pujari. Structure at interphase of poly (vinyl alcohol)-SiC nanofiber composite and its impact on mechanical properties: Positron annihilation and small-angle X-ray scattering studies. Macromolecules 48, 16 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.5b01095
S. Ningaraju, A.G. Prakash, H.B. Ravikumar. Studies on free volume controlled electrical properties of PVA/NiO and PVA/TiO2 polymer nanocomposites. Solid State Ionics 320, 1 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2018.03.006
Q. Xiang, J. Yu, M. Jaroniec. Graphene-based semiconductor photocatalysts. Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 2 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1039/C1CS15172J
K. Hermann, M. Witko. Theory of physical and chemical behavior of transition metal oxides: Vanadium and molybdenum oxides. In: Oxide Surfaces (Elsevier, 2001), Ch. 4, p. 136. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1571-0785(01)80024-9
P.H.C. Camargo, K.G. Satyanarayana, F. Wypych. Nanocomposites: Synthesis, structure, properties and new application opportunities. Mater. Res. 12, 1 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392009000100002
S.G. Rathod, R.F. Bhajantri, V. Ravindrachary, T. Sheela, P.K. Pujari, J. Naik, B. Poojary. Pressure sensitive dielectric properties of TiO2 doped PVA/CN-Li nanocomposite. J. Polymer Res. 22, 2 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-015-0657-y
S.B. Aziz, M.A. Rasheed, S.R. Saeed, O.G. Abdullah. Synthesis and characterization of CdS nanoparticles grown in a polymer solution using in-situ chemical reduction technique. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 12, 3236 (2017). https://doi.org/10.20964/2017.04.10
M.B. Omar, A. Matoussi. Dielectric and conductivity investigations of rutile titanium dioxide single crystals. In: Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (IEEE, 2012), p. 261. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2012.6378821
M. Hdidar, S. Chouikhi, A. Fattoum, M. Arous, A. Kallel. Influence of TiO2 rutile doping on the thermal and dielectric properties of nanocomposite films based on PVA. J. Alloys and Compounds 750, 1 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.03.272
Z.X. Tang, B.F. Lv. MgO nanoparticles as antibacterial agent: Preparation and activity. Brazilian J. Chem. Engineering 31, 3 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-6632.20140313s00002813
F.L. Rashid, A. Hadi, N.H. Al-Garah, A. Hashim. Novel phase change materials, MgO nanoparticles, and water based nanofluids for thermal energy storage and biomedical applications. Intern. J. Pharmac. Phytopharmac. Res. 8, 1 (2018).
R. Peverati, D.G. Truhlar. M11-L: A local density functional that provides improved accuracy for electronic structure calculations in chemistry and physics. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 1 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1021/jz201525m
X. Zhao, Y. Long, T. Yang, J. Li, H. Zhu. Simultaneous high sensitivity sensing of temperature and humidity with graphene woven fabrics. ACS Appl. Mater. & Interfaces 9, 35 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09184
T. Yang, D. Xie, Z. Li, H. Zhu. Recent advances in wearable tactile sensors: Materials, sensing mechanisms, and device performance. Mater. Sci. Engin.: Rep. 115, 1 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mser.2017.02.001
Z.J. Zhong. Optical properties and spectroscopy of nanomaterials (World Scientific, 2009).
S. Ilican, M. Caglar, Y. Caglar. The effect of deposition parameters on the physical properties of CdxZn1−xS films deposited by spray pyrolysis method. J. Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials 9, 5 (2007).
T.K. Hamad, R.M. Yusop, B. Abdullah, E. Yousif. Laser induced modification of the optical properties of nano-ZnO doped PVC films. Inter. J. Polymer Sci. Article ID 787595 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/787595
A.A. Nathan, A. Onoja, A. Amah. Influence of PVA, PVP on crystal and optical properties of europium doped strontium aluminate nanoparticles. Amer. J. Eng. Res. 4, 4 (2015).
S. Suresh. Investigation of the optical and dielectric properties of the urea L-malic acid NLO single crystal. Amer. Chem. Sci. J. 3, 3 (2013). https://doi.org/10.9734/ACSJ/2013/3503
K.C. Lalithambika, K. Shanthakumari, S. Sriram. Optical properties of Cdo thin films deposited by chemical bath method. Int. J. Chemtech Res. 6, 5 (2014).
F.E. Ghodsi, H. Absalan. Comparative study of ZnO thin films prepared by different sol-gel route. Acta Phys. Polon. - Ser. A General Phys. 118, 4 (2010). https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.118.659
M.A. Gaffa, A.A. El-Fadl, S.B. Anooz. Influence of strontium doping on the indirect band gap and optical constants of ammonium zinc chloride crystals. Phys. B: Condensed Matter. 327 (1), 43 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4526(02)01700-3
A. Hashim, Z.S. Hamad. Fabrication and characterization of polymer blend doped with metal carbide nanoparticles for Humidity sensors. J. Nanostruct. 9, 2 (2019).
B.H. Rabee, A. Hashim. Synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes -polystyrene composites. Europ. J. Sci. Res. 60, 2 (2011).
A. Hashim, M.A. Habeeb, A. Khalaf, A. Hadi. Fabrication of (PVA-PAA) blend-extracts of plants bio-composites and studying their structural. Electrical and optical properties for Humidity sensors. Appl. Sensor Lett. 15, 7 (2017), https://doi.org/10.1166/sl.2017.3856
S. Hadi, A. Hashim, A. Jewad. Optical properties of (PVA-LiF) composites. Australian J. Basic and Appl. Sci. 15, 9 (2011).
Q.M. Jebur, A. Hashim, M.A. Habeeb. Structural, electrical and optical properties for (Polyvinyl Alcohol-Polyethylene Oxide-Magnesium Oxide) nanocomposites for optoelectronics applications. Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials 20, 1 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42341-019-00121-x
F.A. Jasim, A. Hashim, Az.G. Hadi, F. Lafta, S.R. Salman, H. Ahmed. Preparation of (pomegranate peel-polystyrene) composites and study their optical properties. Res. J. Appl. Sci. 8, 9 (2013).
F.A. Jasim, F. Lafta, A. Hashim, M. Ali, A.G. Hadi. Characterization of palm fronds-polystyrene composites. J. Engineering and Appl. Sci. 8, 5 (2013). .
I.R. Agool, F.S. Mohammed, A. Hashim. The effect of magnesium oxide nanoparticles on the optical and dielectric properties of (PVA-PAA-PVP) blend. Advances in Environmental Biology 9, 11 (2015).
F.L. Rashid, A. Hashim, M.A. Habeeb, S.R. Salman, H. Ahmed. Preparation of PS-PMMA copolymer and study of the effect of sodium fluoride on its optical properties. J. Engineering and Appl. Sci. 8, 5 (2013).
N.G. Imam, M.B. Mohamed. Environmentally friendly Zn0. 75Cd0. 25S/PVA heterosystemnanocomposite: UV-stimulated emission and absorption spectra. J. Molecular Structure 1105, 80 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2015.10.039
A. Hashim, A. Hadi. Synthesis and characterization of (MgO-Y2O3-CuO) nanocomposites for novel humidity sensor application. Sensor Lett. 15, 10 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1166/sl.2017.3900
G.A.M. Amin, M.H. Abd-El Salam. Optical, dielectric and electrical properties of PVA doped with Sn nanoparticles. Mater. Res. Express 1, 2 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/1/2/025024
A. Hazim, H.M. Abduljalil, A. Hashim. Analysis of structural and electronic properties of novel (PMMA/Al2O3, PMMA/Al2O3-Ag, PMMA/ZrO2, PMMA/ZrO2-Ag, PMMA-Ag) nanocomposites for low cost electronics and optics applications. Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Mater. 21, 48 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42341-019-00148-0
H. Ahmed, A. Hashim. Fabrication of novel (PVA/NiO/SiC) nanocomposites, structural, electronic and optical properties for Humidity sensors. Intern. J. Sci. & Technology Res. 8, 11 (2019).
A. Hashim, A. Jassim. Novel of biodegradable polymersinorganic nanoparticles: Structural, optical and electrical properties as Humidity sensors and gamma radiation shielding for biological applications. J. Bionanoscience 12, 2 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1166/jbns.2018.1518
A. Hashim, M.A. Habeeb, A. Hadi. Synthesis of novel polyvinyl alcohol-starch-copper oxide nanocomposites for Humidity sensors applications with different temperatures. Sensor Lett. 15, 9 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1166/sl.2017.3876
A. Hadi, A. Hashim. Development of a new humidity sensor based on (carboxymethyl cellulose-starch) blend with copper oxide nanoparticles. Ukr. J. Phys. 62, 12 (2017). https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe62.12.1044
A. Hashim, A. Jassim. Novel of (PVA-ST-PbO2) bio nanocomposites: Preparation and properties for Humidity sensors and radiation shielding applications. Sensor Lett. 15, 12 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1166/sl.2017.3915
H. Ahmed, H.M. Abduljalil, A. Hashim. Structural, optical and electronic properties of novel (PVA-MgO)/SiC nanocomposites films for Humidity sensors. Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Mater. 20 218 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42341-019-00111-z
H. Ahmed, H.M. Abduljalil, A. Hashim. Analysis of structural, optical and electronic properties of polymeric nanocomposites/silicon carbide for Humidity sensors. Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Mater. 20, 206 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42341-019-00100-2
A. Hashim, Y. Al-Khafaji, A. Hadi. Synthesis and characterization of flexible resistive Humidity sensors based on PVA/PEO/CuO Nanocomposites. Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Mater. (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42341-019-00145-3
A. Hashim, N. Hamid. Fabrication and properties of biopolymer-ceramics nanocomposites as UV-shielding for bionanoscience application. J. Bionanoscience 12, 6 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1166/jbns.2018.1591
S. Salman, N. Bakr, M.H. Mahmood. Preparation and study of some optical properties of (PVA-Ni(CH3COO)2) composites. Int. J. Curr. Res. 6, 11 (2014).
A.M. Abdelghany, E.M. Abdelrazek, D.S. Rashad. Impact of in situ preparation of CdS filled PVP nano-composite. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 130, 302 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2014.04.049
D.E. Hegazy, M. Eid, M. Madani. Effect of Ni nano particles on thermal, optical and electrical behaviour of irradiated PVA/AAc films. Arab J. Nucl. Sci. Appl. 47, 1 (2014).
A. Hashim, Q. Hadi. Novel of (Niobium Carbide/Polymer Blend) nanocomposites: Fabrication and characterization for pressure sensor. Sensor Lett. 15, 11 (2017), https://doi.org/10.1166/sl.2017.3892
A. Hashim, A. Hadi. A novel piezoelectric materials prepared from (Carboxymethyl Cellulose-Starch) blend-metal oxide nanocomposites. Sensor Lett. 15, 12 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1166/sl.2017.3910
Z.H. Esfahani, M. Ghanipour, D. Dorranian. Effect of dye concentration on the optical properties of red-BS dye-doped PVA film. J. Theor. Appl. Phys. 8, 4 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40094-014-0139-3
A. Hashim, A. Hadi. Novel lead oxide polymer nanocomposites for nuclear radiation shielding applications. Ukr. J. Phys. 62, 11 (2017). https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe62.11.0978
A. Hashim, Q. Hadi. Structural, electrical and optical properties of (biopolymer blend/titanium carbide) nanocomposites for low cost humidity sensors. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 11598 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-018-9257-z
A. Hashim, Q. Hadi. Synthesis of novel (Polymer Blend-Ceramics) nanocomposites: Structural, optical and electrical properties for Humidity sensors. J. Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Mater. 28, 4 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-018-0837-4
A. Hashim, I.R. Agool, K.J. Kadhim. Novel of (Polymer Blend-Fe3O4) magnetic nanocomposites: Preparation and characterization for thermal energy storage and release, gamma ray shielding, antibacterial activity and Humidity sensors applications. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electronics 29, 12 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-018-9095-z
A. Hashim, K.H.H. Al-Attiyah, S.F. Obaid. Fabrication of novel (biopolymer blend-lead oxide nanoparticles) nanocomposites: structural and optical properties for low-cost nuclear radiation shielding. Ukr. J. Phys. 64, No. 2, 157 (2019). https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe64.2.157