Tests of the CPT Invariance at the Antiproton Decelerator of CERN
Keywords:Standard Model, CPT invariance, antiproton mass, antihydrogen, cosmic antimatter
The Standard Model, the theory of particle physics is based on symmetries: both the structure of the composite particles and their interactions are derived using gauge invariance principles. Some of these are violated by the weak interaction like parity and CP symmetry, and even masses are created via spontaneous symmetry breaking. CPT invariance, the most essential symmetry of the Standard Model, states the equivalency of matter and antimatter. However, because of the lack of antimatter in our Universe it is continuously tested at CERN. We overview these experiments: measuring the properties of antiprotons as compared to those of the proton at the Antiproton Decelerator and also searching for antimatter in cosmic rays.
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