The Noise Effect of Vacuum Reservoir on the Dynamics of Three-Level Laser Pumped by Coherent Light
We have investigated the effects of vacuum reservoir noise on the photon statistics and quadrature squeezing of light generated by a three-level laser pumped by coherent light and coupled to a vacuum reservoir via a single-port mirror. We have found that the effect of the vacuum reservoir noise is to increase the photon number variance and to decrease the quadrature squeezing. However, the vacuum reservoir noise has no effect on the mean photon number.
M.O. Scully, M.S. Zubairy. Quantum Optics (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511813993
Fesseha Kassahun. Refind Quantum Analysis of Light (Create Space Independent Publ. Platform, 2014).
M.O. Scully, M.S. Zubairy. Noise free amplification via the two-photon correlated spontaneous emission laser. Opt. Commun. 66, 303 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4018(88)90419-1
J. Anwar, M.S. Zubairy. Quantum-statistical properties of noise in a phase-sensitive linear amplifier. Phys. Rev. A 49, 481 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.49.481
N.Lu, F.X. Zhao, J. Bergou. Nonlinear theory of a two-photon correlated-spontaneous-emission laser: A coherently pumped two-level-two-photon laser. Phys. Rev. A 39, 5189 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.39.5189
Eyob Alebachew, K. Fesseha. Interaction of a two-level atom with squeezed light. Opt. Commun. 271, 154 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2006.10.016
N.A. Ansari, J. Gea-Banacloche, M.S. Zubairy. Phase-sensitive amplification in a three-level atomic system. Phys. Rev. A 41, 5179 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.41.5179
N.A. Ansari. Effect of atomic coherence on the second and higher-order squeezing in a two-photon three-level cascade atomic system. Phys. Rev. A 48, 4686 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.48.4686
S.M. Barnett, P.M. Radmore. Methods in Theoretical Quantum Optics (Oxford Univ. Press, 1997).
M.O. Scully, K. Wodkiewicz, M.S. Zubairy, J. Bergou, N. Lu, J. Meyer ter Vehn. Two-photon correlated-spontaneous-emission laser: Quantum noise quenching and squeezing. Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1832 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.60.1832
C.W. Gardiner, P. Zoller. Quantum Noise (Springer, 2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-04103-1
D.F. Walls. Squeezed states of light. Nature 306, 141 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1038/306141a0
A. Abramovici, et al. The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory. Science 256, 325 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.256.5055.325
J. Harms, et al. Squeezed-input, optical-spring, signal-recycled gravitational-wave detectors. Phys. Rev. D 68, 042001 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.68.042001
R. Schnabel, et al. Squeezed light and laser interferometric gravitational wave detectors. Classical Quant. Grav. 25, 1045 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/21/5/099