Contribution of Ukrainian Scientists to the Development of Electrodynamics
The aim of the paper is to prove the importance of the works performed by Ukrainian scientists for the development of electrodynamics. Some examples of achievements made by Ukrainian scientists in this scientific area include physical theories in such directions as the electrical conductivity, domain structure of ferromagnets, photoelectromotive force in semiconductors, microscopic theory of superconductivity, Shubnikov–de Haas effect, magneto-acoustic resonance, invention of an electric tram, live broadcast of the moving-image signal, distant control of objects by means of radio signals, and arc welding of metals. Most Ukrainian scientists have founded their own scientific schools, which works are recognized throughout the world. They were not only engaged in the scientific and lecturing activities, but also in the popularization of science, reformation of the education system, and social activity.
V.E. Lashkaryov. Investigations of a barrier layer by the thermoprobe method. Izv. Akad Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 5, 442 (1941) (in Russian).
V.E. Lashkaryov, K.M. Kosonogova. Influence of impurities on photovoltaic effect in cuprous oxide. Izv. Akad Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 5, 478 (1941) (in Russian).
J. Bardeen. Surface states and rectification at a metal- semiconductor contact. Phys. Rev. 71, 717 (1947). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.71.717
W.H. Brattain. Bell Labs Notebook No. 18194 (AT&TArchives, 1947).
W. Shockley. The theory of p-n junctions in semiconductors and p-n junction transistors. Bell Syst. Tech. J. 28, 435 (1949). https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1538-7305.1949.tb03645.x
B. Malynovskyi. Known and unknown in the history of information technology. Visn. Nats. Akad. Nauk Ukrainy No. 1, 40 (2001) (in Ukrainian).
M.V. Strikha. The centennial of semiconductor science: Origins and Ukrainian contribution. Ukr. J. Phys. 59, 831 (2014). https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe59.08.0831
V.G. Lytovchenko. Academician of the NAS of Ukraine Vadym Evgenovych Lashkaryov: The outstanding physicist of the 20th century, the discoverer of p − n-junction (to the 55th anniversary of the foundation of the Institute of Semiconductor Physics of the NAS of Ukraine). Ukr. J. Phys. 61, 181 (2016). https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe61.02.0181
V.E. Lashkaryov. Investigations of a barrier layer by the thermoprobe method. Ukr. J. Phys. 53, Spec. Issue, 53 (2008).
M. Avenarius. On Thermoelectricity (St. Petersburg, 1864) (in Russian).
M. Avenarius. On Electrical Differences of Metals at Various Temperatures (St. Petersburg, 1866) (in Russian).
M. Avenarius. On the electroexcitation force of thermoelectric elements from the viewpoint of the mechanical theory of heat. Univers. Izv. No. 11, 1 (1870) (in Russian).
O. Khvolson. Course of Physics. Vol. 3. Heat Theory (Gos. Izd., 1923) (in Russian).
A.G. Goldman. Mikhail Petrovich Avenarius and Kiev school of experimental physics. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 44, 586 (1951) (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0044.195108e.0586
A.A. Rudnitskii. Thermoelectric Properties of the Noble Metals and Their Alloys (U.S. Atomic energy commission, 1959).
F.N. Shvedov. On the Significance of Non-Conductors in Electrostatics (Tipogr. Yakobson., 1868) (in Russian).
F.N. Shvedov. On the Conversion Laws of Electricity into Heat (Odessa, 1870) (in Russian).
Professors of Odessa (Novorossiysk) University. Biographical Dictionary. Vol. 1. Rectors (Astroprint, 2005) (in Ukrainian).
F.N. Shvedov. What Is Hail? (Demakov, 1881) (in Russian).
F.N. Shvedov. Methodology of Physics. Introduction (Tsentr. Tiporg., 1894) (in Russian).
M.M. Matiiko, S.I. Inozemtsev. Contribution of Domestic Scientists to the Electricity Science (Radyans'ka Shkola, 1952) (in Ukrainian).
K.K. Khrenov. Underwater Electric Welding and Cutting of Metals (Voenn. Izdat., 1946) (in Russian).
E.O. Paton. High-Speed Automatic Welding Under a Flux Layer (Mash. Gos. Izdat., 1941) (in Russian).
P.G. Borzyak. Photoelectric phenomena in photovoltaic elements at low temperatures. Visti Akad. Nauk UkrSSR 3, 19 (1936) (in Ukrainian).
M. Pylchikov. Materials to the Issue of Local Anomalies in Terrestrial Magnetism. Master's thesis (1888) (in Russian).
M. Piltschikoff. Sur la phase initiale d''electrolyse. Compt. Rend. 108, 614 (1889).
M. Piltschikoff. Sur la polarisation 'electrolytique par les m'etaux. Compt. Rend. 108, 898 (1889).
F.D. Miroshnichenko. On the history of the development of the magnetism theory in Ukraine. In Materials of the All-Union Scientific Conference on the History of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (Tambov, 1971), p. 135 (in Russian).
D.A. Rozhanskii. Electric Rays: The Theory of Electromagnetic Oscillations and Waves (Izd. K.L. Rikker, St.- Petersburg, 1913) (in Russian).
D.S. Shteinberg. On the Magnetization and Coercive Force of Ferromagnetic Powders (Physical Laboratory of Imperial Kharkiv University, 1915) (in Russian).
D.S. Shteinberg, V.S. Surkov. Coercive force of microscopic magnetite spills. Uchen. Zap. Kharkiv. Univ. 2-3, 95 (1935) (in Ukrainian).
D.S. Shteinberg. Dalblom Pocket Magnetometer (Physical Laboratory of Kharkiv University, 1916) (in Russian).
L.W. Schubnikow, W.J. de Haas. Neue Erscheinungen bei der Widerstands¨anderung von Wismuthkristallen im Magnetfeld bei der Temperatur von fl¨ussigem Wasserstoff. Leiden Comm. Kamerlingh Onnes Lab. nos. 207, 207a, 210a, 210b (1930).
L.W. Schubnikow, W.J. de Haas. Neue Erscheinungen bei der widerstands¨anderung von wismuthkristallen im magnetfeld bei der temperatur von fl¨ussigem wasserstoff. Proc. Amst. Acad. Sci. 33, 418 (1930).
N.B. Brandt, S.M. Chudinov. Shubnikov-de Haas effect and its application to investigation of the energy spectrum of metals, semimetals, and semiconductors. Sov. Phys. Usp. 25, 518 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1070/PU1982v025n07ABEH004575
O.I. Balabekyan. L.V. Shubnikov. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 89, 321 (1966) (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0089.196606i.0321
A.A. Abrikosov. Type II superconductors and the vortex lattice. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 174, 1234 (2004) (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0174.200411f.1234
L.D. Landau. A possible explanation of the field dependence of the susceptibility at low temperatures. Phys. Z. Sow. 4, 675 (1933).
E.M. Lifshits. Lev Davidovich Landau. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 97, 169 (1969) (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0097.196901i.0169
L.D. Landau, E.M. Lifshitz. On the theory of the dispersion of magnetic permeability in ferromagnetic bodies. Phys. Z. Sow. 8, 153 (1935).
V.B. Yuferov. Evgenii Stanislavovich Borovik. The second cryogenic laboratory of the UPTI. Vopr. At. Nauki Tekhn. 6, 65 (2004) (in Russian)).
E.S. Borovik. Electrical conductivity of metals at high current density. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 91, 771 (1953) (in Russian).
E.S. Borovik, A.S. Milner. Lectures on Ferromagnetism (Kharkiv State University, 1960) (in Russian).
E.S. Borovik, V.V. Eremenko, A.S. Milner. Lectures on Magnetism (Fizmatlit, 2005) (in Russian).
G.G. Kordun. Soviet Physicists (Vyshcha Shkola, Kyiv, 1975) (in Ukrainian).
B.N. Rzhonsnytskyi. F.A. Pirotskyi. The Inventor of the Tram (Derzhtekhvydav Ukrainy, 1951) (in Ukrainian).
I.L. Polyakova, E.A. Popova-Kyandskaya. Nikolai Dmitrievich Pilchikov. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 53, 121 (1954) (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0053.195405f.0121
A.A. Slutskin, D.S. Shteinberg. Obtaining oscillations in cathode tubes with the aid of a magnetic field. Zh. Russ. Fiz. Khim. Obshch. Ser. Fiz. 58, 395 (1926) (in Russian).
G.G. Kordun. On the development of radiophysics and electronics in Ukraine. In Materials of the 1st Ukrainian Interuniversity Conference on the History of Physics (Simferopol, 1968) (in Russian).
Utility patent No. 5592, CLASS 21a1, 32. June 30, 1928, Leningrad "Description of an apparatus for electric telescopy to the patent of V.I. Popov, B.P. Grabovskii, and N.G. Piskunov from November 9, 1925 (application certificate No. 4899)" (in Russian).