Symplectic Field Theory of the Galilean Covariant Scalar and Spinor Representations
Keywords:Galilean covariance, star-product, phase space, symplectic structure
We explore the concept of the extended Galilei group, a representation for the symplectic quantum mechanics in the manifold G, written in the light-cone of a five-dimensional de Sitter space-time in the phase space. The Hilbert space is constructed endowed with a symplectic structure. We study the unitary operators describing rotations and translations, whose generators satisfy the Lie algebra of G. This representation gives rise to the Schr¨odinger (Klein–Gordon-like) equation for the wave function in the phase space such that the dependent variables have the position and linear momentum contents. The wave functions are associated to the Wigner function through the Moyal product such that the wave functions represent a quasiamplitude of probability. We construct the Pauli–Schr¨odinger (Dirac-like) equation in the phase space in its explicitly covariant form. Finally, we show the equivalence between the five-dimensional formalism of the phase space with the usual formalism, proposing a solution that recovers the non-covariant form of the Pauli–Schr¨odinger equation in the phase space.
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