Nature of the Frequency Shift of Hydrogen Valence Vibrations in Water Molecules

  • I. V. Zhyganiuk I.I. Mechnikov National University of Odessa
  • M. P. Malomuzh I.I. Mechnikov National University of Odessa
Keywords: frequency shift, hydrogen valence vibrations, electrostatic models of water molecule, dimer

Abstract

The physical nature of a frequency shift of hydrogen valence vibrations in a water molecule due to its interaction with neighbor molecules has been studied. Electrostatic forces connected with the multipole moments of molecules are supposed to give a dominating contribution to the intermolecular interaction. The frequency shift was calculated in the case where two neighbor molecules form a dimer. The obtained result is in qualitative agreement with the frequency shifts observed for water vapor, hexagonal ice, and liquid water, as well as for aqueous solutions of alcohols. This fact testifies to the electrostatic nature of H-bonds used to describe both the specific features of the intermolecular interaction in water and the macroscopic properties of the latter.

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Published
2018-10-28
How to Cite
Zhyganiuk, I., & Malomuzh, M. (2018). Nature of the Frequency Shift of Hydrogen Valence Vibrations in Water Molecules. Ukrainian Journal of Physics, 59(12), 1183. https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe59.12.1183
Section
General problems of theoretical physics