Spectral and Spatial Features of Radiation Emitted by a Cholesteric Liquid-Crystal Laser
Keywords:cholesteric liquid crystal, planar texture, lasing spectra, spatial mode structure
Spectral and spatial characteristics of radiation emitted by a laser operating on the Bragg structure arising in cholesteric liquid crystals (CLCs) have been studied, as well as their variations with a change of the planar CLC orientation. A defect in the helical structure of the CLC formed by a ternary mixture of cholesterol viscous esters is revealed at the mutually orthogonal orientations of the CLC director at the substrates. This defect manifests itself as a local dip in the selective reflection band, which agrees with the behavior of the defect mode in the photonic crystal. Such a defect in the helical structure stimulates the selection of longitudinal modes with the indices N = ±1, so that the single-mode lasing regime is realized. A spatial ring structure in the laser radiation is found to arise, when higher longitudinal modes are generated.
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