Fabrication of Novel (Biopolymer Blend-Lead Oxide Nanoparticles) Nanocomposites: Structural and Optical Properties for Low-Cost Nuclear Radiation Shielding
Low-cost polymer nanocomposites prepared for the nuclear radiation shielding have highly linear attenuation coefficients, light weight, and elastic, good mechanical, optical, and dielectric properties. The carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)–polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) polymeric blend is prepared with concentrations: 60 wt.% CMC and 40 wt.% PVP. The lead oxide nanoparticles are added to the CMC–PVP blend with different concentrations: 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 wt.%. The structural and optical properties of (CMC–PVP–PbO2) nanocomposites are studied. The results show that the absorbance of the (CMC–PVP) blend increases and the energy band gap decreases, as the concentration of PbO2 nanoparticles increases. The optical constants of the (CMC–PVP) blend increase with the concentration of lead oxide nanoparticles. The (CMC–PVP–PbO2) nanocomposites have highly linear attenuation coefficients for gamma radiation.
M. Aminian, M. Bakhshandeh, M. Allahbakhshian-Farsani, E. Bakhshandeh, N. Shakeri. Comparison of the protection performance in a composite shield and a lead standard shield in terms of biological effects in nuclear medicine. Iran J. Nucl. Med. 25, No. 2, 129 (2017).
E. Al-Sarraya, I. Akkurt, K. G?unoglu, A. Evcinc, N. ?C. Bezir. Radiation shielding properties of some composite panel. Acta Physica Polonica A 132, No. 3, 490 (2017). https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.132.490
O. Gurler, U. Akar Tarim. Determination of radiation shielding properties of some polymer and plastic materials against gamma-rays. Acta Physica Polonica A 130, No. 1, 236 (2016). https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.130.236
A. Hashim, A. Hadi. Synthesis and characterization of novel piezoelectric and energy storage nanocomposites: biodegradable materials–magnesium oxide nanoparticles. Ukr. J. Phys. 62, No. 12, 1050 (2017). https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe62.12.1050
I.R. Agool, K.J. Kadhim, A. Hashim. Preparation of (polyvinyl alcohol–polyethylene glycol–polyvinyl pyrrolidinone–titanium oxide nanoparticles) nanocomposites: Electrical properties for energy storage and release. Int. J. Plast. Tech. 20, No. 1, 121 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12588-016-9144-5
I.R. Agool, K.J. Kadhim, A. Hashim. Fabrication of new nanocomposites: (PVA–PEG–PVP) blend-zirconium oxide nanoparticles) for humidity sensors. Int. J. Plast. Tech. 21, No. 2, 397 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12588-017-9192-5
A. Hadi, A. Hashim. Development of a new humidity sensor based on (carboxymethyl cellulose–starch) blend with copper oxide nanoparticles. Ukr. J. Phys. 62, No. 12, 1044 (2017). https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe62.12.1044
V. Sangawar, M. Golchha. Evolution of the optical properties of polystyrene thin films filled with zinc oxide nanoparticles. Int. J. Sci. & Eng. Res. 4, No. 6, 2700 (2013).
A.F. Mansour, A.Elfalaky, F. Abdel Maged. Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of PANI/PVA blends. IOSR J. Appl. Phys. 7, No. 4, 37 (2015).
E.J. James, Sh. Mishra, J. Jose, A.K. Patel, K. Das. Preparation and optical studies on zinc oxide: Poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) composite. Int. J. Sci. Res. Development 4, No. 1, 1042 (2016).
N.S. Wadatkar, S.A. Waghuley. Complex optical studies on conducting polyindole as-synthesized through chemical route. Egypt. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 2, 19 (2015).
P. Guggilla, A. Chilvery, R. Powell. Reducing the bandgap energy via doping process in lead-free thin film nanocomposites. Res. & Rev.: J. Mater. Sci. 5, No. 1, 34 (2017).
I.R. Agool, K.J. Kadhim, A. Hashim. Synthesis of (PVA-PEG-PVP-ZrO2) nanocomposites for Energy release and gamma shielding applications. Int. J. Plast. Tech. 21, No. 2, 444 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12588-017-9196-1
A. Hashim, A. Hadi. Novel lead oxide polymer nanocomposites for nuclear radiation shielding applications. Ukr. J. Phys. 62, No. 11, 978 (2017). https://doi.org/10.15407/ujpe62.11.0978