Qualitative Analysis of Clustering in Aqueous Alcohol Solutions
Keywords:solutions, water, monohydric alcohols, elementary clusters, peculiar point
The specific features of clustering in the aqueous solutions of monohydric alcohols with concentrations higher than that at the peculiar point are discussed. Clustering is a result of the formation of hydrogen bonds between water and alcohol molecules, the energy of which some-what exceeds the energy of hydrogen bonds in the water-water and alcohol-alcohol molecular pairs. Elementary clusters are assumed to be formed, whose composition is fixed at the solution concentrations lower than that at the peculiar point and changes according to a certain law at higher concentrations. The solution clustering degree was determined as a function of the solution concentration and the temperature.
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