Structural Properties of Lattice-Matched InGaPN on GaAs (001)
Structural properties of lattice-matched InGaPN on GaAs (001) have comprehensively investigated by high resolution X-ray diffraction (HRXRD), Raman spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The InGaPN layers were grown by metal organics vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE). To obtain the lattice-matched InGaPN on GaAs, flow rates of trimethylindium (TMIn), trimethylgallium (TMGa) were kept, respectively, at 14.7 and 8.6 /umol/min. On the other hand, the N content optimized by varying the flow rate of dimethyhydrazine (DMHy, N precursor) was controlled at 300 /umol/min. With a combination of HRXRD and Raman scattering measurements, the In and N contents are estimated to be 55.8 and 0.9 at%, respectively. The lattice-mismatch lower than 0.47%, which corresponds to the lattice-matching condition, was confirmed for all the layers. The rapid thermal annealing (RTA) process was performed to improvement the crystalline quality of InGaPN layers. The annealing temperature was fixed at 650∘C, which is an optimum growth temperature of a GaAs buffer layer. The annealing time was varied in a range of 30 to 180 s to verify a composition uniformity. With increasing the annealing time up to 120 s, the In and N contents were slightly increased. The AFM-root mean square (RMS) roughness of the InGaPN surface was observed to be reduced. For higher annealing times, the N content was dramatically reduced, whereas the In content was still remained. Moreover, the RMS roughness was observed to be increased. RTA at 650∘C for 120 s demonstrated a significant improvement of structural properties of the lattice-matched InGaPN layers on GaAs (001).
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